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The largest bacteria ever found in the forests of France is 5 thousand times bigger in size -Newshubweek

The largest bacteria ever found in the forests of France is 5 thousand times bigger in size
-Newshubweek
Written by Arindam

Scientists have discovered the largest bacterium ever discovered. It is 5,000 times larger than most known bacteria and is visible to the naked eye. This bacterium, named Thiomargarita magnifica, looks like a thin white filament, which we see in a bulb. Its length is about 1 cm. It was discovered in 2009 by Olivier Gros, a marine biologist at the Universite des Antilles in Guadeloupe, France. He was doing research on marine mangrove systems. During this time he had seen this bacterium on the surfaces of rotting mangrove leaves.

After this, this bacterium was analyzed in the laboratory for many years. After many years it was concluded that it was a sulphur-oxidizing prokaryote. Olivier Gros said that when I saw him, he seemed strange to me. They were like white filaments.

Silvina González-Rizzo, associate professor of molecular biology at the Université des Antilles, also performed 16S rRNA gene sequencing to identify the bacterium. He is also the first co-author of this study. In the study, a team of researchers has described this giant bacterium and shed light on its genomic features.

González-Rizzo says that initially he thought these were eukaryotes because they were very large and had many filaments. Then we realized that he was unique because he looked like a single cell. According to Jean-Marie Woland, another author of the study, the DNA of most bacteria floated freely in their cytoplasm, but this kept them organized. Researchers also did not expect that it would one day prove to be the world’s largest bacterium.

Talking about some other discoveries related to science, astronomers have made an exciting new discovery. They have detected a new born pulsar, which may be only 14 years old. Scientists observed this pulsar after the explosion in a supernova and the energy released from it. The pulsar became very thin due to the explosion in the supernova. This celestial formation is known as the ‘Pulsar Wind Nebula’ or ‘Plarion’. This pulsar has been found in a galaxy 395 million light years away from Earth.

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