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Scientists have discovered the newest pulsar star, age is only 14 years! -Newshubweek

Scientists have discovered the newest pulsar star, age is only 14 years!
-Newshubweek
Written by Arindam

Astronomers have made an exciting new discovery. They have detected a new born pulsar, which may be only 14 years old. Scientists observed this pulsar after the explosion in a supernova and the energy released from it. The pulsar became very thin due to the explosion in the supernova. This celestial formation is known as the ‘Pulsar Wind Nebula’ or ‘Plarion’. This pulsar has been found in a galaxy 395 million light years away from Earth. It was first seen as an object in the year 2018 through the Very Large Array Sky Survey (VLASS) located in New Mexico. This is a young pulsar, whose age may be only 14 years. This claim has been made by astronomy professor Greg Hallinan, who was part of the team that identified this pulsar.

Dillon Dong, a PhD student at Hallinan and who supported him in this discovery, said that what we are seeing is a ‘pulsar wind nebula’.

A pulsar is a type of neutron star. Neutron stars are formed when a main class star compresses due to its own size and weight. It then collapses in a supernova explosion, thanks to which pulsar stars are formed. The neutron star just discovered is named ‘VT 1137-0337’.

Talking about other news related to stars, it was found in the past that the stars present in our galaxy i.e. Milky Way also experience ‘vibration’. Scientists have discovered that the stars (or planets) in the Milky Way experience ‘starquakes’. Just like a tsunami occurs on the earth, similarly, there is some inconsistency in the stars as well. There is also a claim that these starquakes are so powerful that they can change the shape of a star. The discovery has been made by the Milky Way-mapping Gaia mission of the European Space Agency (ESA).

The data gathered by the Gaia Space Observatory was instrumental in reaching this discovery. This observatory had collected data of about two billion stars, on the basis of which this discovery has been made. It has been told by the European Space Agency that earlier also the observatory was able to detect the vibrations in the stars. This vibration in the stars was to maintain their shape. The tremors that have now been detected are like a tsunami.

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